Let $\widetilde{x}[n] = 1 + \cos\left(\dfrac{\pi n}{8}\right)$ be a periodic signal with period $16.$ Its DFS coefficients are defined by $a_{k} = \displaystyle{}\dfrac{1}{16}\sum_{n=0}^{15}\widetilde{x}[n] \text{exp}\big(-j\dfrac{\pi}{8} kn\big)$ for all $k .$ The value of the coefficient ܽ$a_{31}$ is _______.