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41
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 6
The two-dimensional Fourier transform of a function $f(t, s)$ is given by \[ F(\omega, \theta)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(t, s) \exp (-j \omega t) \exp (-j \theta s) d t d s . \] Let $\delta(t)$ be the delta function and let $u(t)=0$ ... $\exp (-(t+s)) u(t+s)$ $\exp (-t) u(t) \delta(s)$ $\exp (-t) \delta(t+s)$ None of the above
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42
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 7
The $Z$-transform of $\{x(n)\}$ is defined as $X(z)=\sum_{n} x(n) z^{-n}$ (for those $z$ for which the series converges). Let $u(n)=1$ for $n \geq 0$ and $u(n)=0$ for $n<0$. The inverse $Z$-transform of $X(z)=$ ... is (a), otherwise the inverse is not well-defined If $|a|<1$, then the answer is (b), otherwise the inverse is not well-defined None of the above
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43
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 8
The following circuit with an ideal operational amplifier is A low pass filter A high pass filter A bandpass filter A bandstop filter An all pass amplifier
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44
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 9
Let $X$ and $Y$ be two zero mean independent continuous random variables. Let $Z_{1}=\max (X, Y)$, and $Z_{2}=\min (X, Y)$. Then which of the following is TRUE. $Z_{1}$ and $Z_{2}$ are uncorrelated. $Z_{1}$ and $Z_{2}$ are independent. $P\left(Z_{1}=Z_{2}\right)=\frac{1}{2}$. Both $(a)$ and $(c)$ Both $(a)$ and $(b)$
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45
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 10
Consider the following series of square matrices: \[ \begin{array}{l} H_{1}=[1], \\ H_{2}=\left[\begin{array}{cc} 1 & 1 \\ 1 & -1 \end{array}\right], \end{array} \] and for $k=2,3, \ldots$, the $2^{k} \times 2^{k}$ matrix $H_{2^{k}}$ is recursively defined as \[ H_{2^{k}}=\ ... is $H_{2^{k}} H_{2^{k}}^{T}?)$ $0$ $2^{k}$ $2^{k / 2}$ $2^{k 2^{k-1}}$ $2^{k 2^{k}}$
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Linear Algebra
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determinant
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46
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 11
Two matrices $A$ and $B$ are called similar if there exists another matrix $S$ such that $S^{-1} A S=B$. Consider the statements: If $A$ and $B$ are similar then they have identical rank. If $A$ and $B$ ... Both $\text{I}$ and $\text{II}$ but not $\text{III}$. All of $\text{I}, \text{II}$ and $\text{III}$.
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Linear Algebra
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47
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 12
Let $A$ be a Hermitian matrix and let $I$ be the Identity matrix with same dimensions as $A$. Then for a scalar $\alpha>0, A+\alpha I$ has the same eigenvalues as of $A$ but different eigenvectors the same eigenvalues and eigenvectors as of ... those of $A$ and same eigenvectors as of $A$ eigenvalues and eigenvectors with no relation to those of $A$ None of the above
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48
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 13
Let $A$ be a square matrix and $x$ be a vector whose dimensions match $A$. Let $B^{\dagger}$ be the conjugate transpose of $B$. Then which of the following is not true: $x^{\dagger} A^{2} x$ is always non-negative $x^{\dagger} A x$ ... $A=A^{\dagger}$ then $x^{\dagger} A y$ is complex for some vector $y$ with same dimensions as $x$
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Linear Algebra
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linear-algebra
matrices
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49
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 14
$X, Y, Z$ are integer valued random variables with the following two properties: $X$ and $Y$ are independent. For all integer $x$, conditioned on the event $\{X=x\}$, we have that $Y$ and $Z$ are independent (in other words, conditioned on ... and $Z$ are independent Conditioned on $Z$, the random variables $X$ and $Y$ are independent All of the above None of the above
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Probability and Statistics
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50
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 15
Consider a sequence of non-negative numbers $\left\{x_{n}: n=1,2, \ldots\right\}$. Which of the following statements cannot be true? $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} x_{n}=\infty$ but $x_{n}$ decreases to zero as $n$ increases. $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} x_{n}<\infty$ ... and each $x_{n} \leq 1 / n^{2}$. $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} x_{n}<\infty$ and each $x_{n}>x_{n+1}$.
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51
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 16
A surprise quiz contains three multiple choice questions; question $1$ has $3$ suggested answers, question $2$ has four, and question $3$ has two. A completely unprepared student decides to choose the answers at random. If $X$ is the number of questions the student answers ... expected number of correct answers is $15 / 12$ $7 / 12$ $13 / 12$ $18 / 12$ None of the above
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52
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 17
Consider four coins, three of which are fair, that is they have heads on one side and tails on the other and both are equally likely to occur in a toss. The fourth coin has heads on both sides. Given that one coin amongst the four is picked at random and is tossed, and the ... is the probability that its other side is tails? $1 / 2$ $3 / 8$ $3 / 5$ $3 / 4$ $5 / 7$
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53
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 18
Consider a coin tossing game between Santa and Banta. Both of them toss two coins sequentially, first Santa tosses a coin then Banta and so on. Santa tosses a fair coin: Probability of heads is $1 / 2$ and probability of tails is $1 / 2$. Banta's coin probabilities depend on the ... in the two trials conducted by each of them? $1 / 2$ $5 / 16$ $3 / 16$ $1 / 4$ $1 / 3$
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Probability and Statistics
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54
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 19
Which of the following is true for polynomials defined over real numbers $\mathbb{R}$. Every odd degree polynomial has a real root. Every odd degree polynomial has at least one complex root. Every even degree polynomial has at least one complex root. Every even degree polynomial has a real root. None of the above
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Calculus
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polynomials
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55
TIFR ECE 2013 | Question: 20
A function $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is convex if for $x, y \in \mathbb{R}, \alpha \in[0,1], f(\alpha x+(1-\alpha) y) \leq \alpha f(x)+(1-\alpha) f(y)$. Which of the following is not convex: $x^{2}$ $x^{3}$ $x$ $x^{4}$ $\mathrm{e}^{x}$
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Calculus
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calculus
functions
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56
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 1
The minimum value of $f(x)=\ln \left(1+\exp \left(x^{2}-3 x+2\right)\right)$ for $x \geq 0$, where $\ln (\cdot)$ denotes the natural logarithm, is $\ln \left(1+e^{-1 / 4}\right)$ $\ln (5 / 3)$ $0$ $\ln \left(1+e^{2}\right)$ None of the above
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calculus
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57
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 2
Let $\alpha_{1}, \alpha_{2}, \cdots, \alpha_{k}$ be complex numbers. Then \[ \lim _{n \rightarrow \infty}\left|\sum_{i=1}^{k} \alpha_{i}^{n}\right|^{1 / n} \] is $0$ $\infty$ $\alpha_{k}$ $\alpha_{1}$ $\max _{j}|\alpha_{j}|$
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Calculus
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calculus
limits
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58
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 3
A sequence of numbers $\left(x_{n}: n=1,2,3, \ldots\right)$ is said to have a limit $x$, if given any number $\epsilon>0$, there exists an integer $n_{\epsilon}$ ... $6$ and has a limit that equals $6$ . None of the above statements are true.
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59
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 4
The signal $x_{n}=0$ for $n<0$ and $x_{n}=a^{n} / n$ ! for $n \geq 0$. Its $z$-transform $X(z)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} x_{n} z^{-n}$ is $1 /\left(z^{-1}-a\right)$, region of convergence $\text{(ROC)}$: $|z| \leq 1 / a$ ... $|z|>a$ Item $(a)$ if $a>1$, Item $(b)$ if $a<1$ $\exp \left(a z^{-1}\right)$, $\text{ROC}$: entire complex plane.
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60
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 5
Consider a periodic square wave $f(t)$ with a period of $1$ second such that $f(t)=1$ for $t \in[0,1 / 2)$ and $f(t)=-1$ for $t \in[1 / 2,1)$. It is passed through an ideal low-pass filter with cutoff at $2 \mathrm{~Hz}$. Then the output is $\sin (2 \pi t)$ ... $\sin (2 \pi t)-\cos (2 \pi t)$ None of the above
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61
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 6
Let $u(t)$ be the unit step function that takes value $1$ for $t \geq 0$ and is zero otherwise. Let $f(t)=e^{-t} u(t)$ and $g(t)=u(t) u(1-t)$. Then the convolution of $f(t)$ and $g(t)$ is $(e-1) e^{-t} u(t)$ $1-e^{-t}$ for $0 \leq t \leq 1,(e-1) e^{-t}$ for $t \geq 1$ and zero otherwise $t e^{-t} u(t)$ The convolution integral is not well defined None of the above
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62
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 7
A linear time-invariant system has a transfer function $H(s)=1 /(1+s)$. If the input to the system is $\cos (t)$, the output is $\left(e^{j t}+e^{-j t}\right) / 2$ where $j=\sqrt{-1}$ $\cos (t) / 2$ $(\cos (t)+\sin (t)) / 2 \sqrt{ }$ $\sin (t) / 2$. The system is unstable and the output is not well-defined.
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63
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 8
The input to a series $\text{RLC}$ circuit is a sinusoidal voltage source and the output is the current in the circuit. Which of the following is true about the magnitude frequency response of this system? Dependending on the values of $\text{R, L}$ ... $1 /(2 \pi \sqrt{\text{LC}})$.
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64
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 9
$x(t)$ is a signal of bandwidth $4 \mathrm{~kHz}$. It was sampled at a rate of $16 \mathrm{~kHz}$. \[ x_{n}=x(n T), \quad n \text { integer, } \quad T=\frac{1}{16} \mathrm{~ms} . \] Due to a data handling error alternate samples were erased ... $y(t)$ over a low pass filter of bandwidth $4\text{ KHz}$ any of the above none of the above
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65
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 10
Suppose three dice are rolled independently. Each dice can take values $1$ to $6$ with equal probability. Find the probability that the second highest outcome equals the average of the other two outcomes. Here, the ties may be resolved arbitrarily. $1 / 6$ $1 / 9$ $39 / 216$ $7 / 36$ $43 / 216$
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Probability and Statistics
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probability-and-statistics
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66
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 11
A Poisson random variable $X$ is given by $\operatorname{Pr}\{X=k\}=\mathrm{e}^{-\lambda} \lambda^{k} / k !, k=0,1,2, \ldots$ for $\lambda>0$. The variance of $X$ scales as $\lambda$ $\lambda^{2}$ $\lambda^{3}$ $\sqrt{\lambda}$ None of the above
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probability-and-statistics
probability
poisson-distribution
1
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67
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 12
In modeling the number of health insurance claims filed by an individual during a three year period, an analyst makes a simplifying assumption that for all non-negative integer up to $5$. \[ p_{n+1}=\frac{1}{2} p_{n} \] where $p_{n}$ denotes the probability that a ... files more than two claims in this period? $7 / 31$ $29 / 125$ $1 / 3$ $13 / 125$ None of the above
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Probability and Statistics
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7
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probability-and-statistics
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1
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68
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 13
Consider a single amoeba that at each time slot splits into two with probability $p$ or dies otherwise with probability $1-p$. This process is repeated independently infinitely at each time slot, i.e. if there are any amoebas left at time slot $t$, then they all split independently into ... $\min \left\{\frac{1 \pm \sqrt{1-4 p(1-p)}}{2(1-p)}\right\}$ None of the above
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69
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 14
Let $X$ and $Y$ be indepedent, identically distributed standard normal random variables, i.e., the probability density function of $X$ is \[f_{X}(x)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2 \pi}} \exp \left(-\frac{x^{2}}{2}\right),-\infty<x<\infty. \] The random variable $Z$ is defined ... none of the above
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70
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 15
Consider a string of length $1 \mathrm{~m}$. Two points are chosen independently and uniformly random on it thereby dividing the string into three parts. What is the probability that the three parts can form the sides of a triangle? $1 / 4$ $1 / 3$ $1 / 2$ $2 / 3$ $3 / 4$
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Probability and Statistics
Dec 8, 2022
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probability-and-statistics
probability
uniform-distribution
1
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0
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71
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 16
Let $P$ be a $n \times n$ matrix such that $P^{k}=\mathbf{0}$, for some $k \in \mathbb{N}$ and where $\mathbf{0}$ is an all zeros matrix. Then at least how many eigenvalues of $P$ are zero $1$ $n-1$ $n$ $0$ None of the above
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Linear Algebra
Dec 8, 2022
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linear-algebra
eigen-values
1
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72
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 17
Let $A=U \Lambda U^{\dagger}$ be a $n \times n$ matrix, where $U U^{\dagger}=I$. Which of the following statements is TRUE. The matrix $I+A$ has non-negative eigen values The matrix $I+A$ is symmetic $\operatorname{det}(I+A)=\operatorname{det}(I+\Lambda)$ $(a)$ and $(c)$ $(b)$ and $(c)$ $(a), (b)$ and $(c)$
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Linear Algebra
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73
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 18
Under a certain coordinate transformation from $(x, y)$ to $(u, v)$ the circle $x^{2}+y^{2}=1$ shown below on the left side was transformed into the ellipse shown on the right side. If the transformation is of the form \[ \left[\begin{array}{l} u \\ v \end{array}\right]=\mathbf{A}\ ... \] $A_{1}$ only $A_{2}$ only $A_{1}$ or $A_{2}$ $A_{1}$ or $A_{3}$ $A_{2}$ or $A_{3}$
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Linear Algebra
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matrices
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74
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 19
$X$ and $Y$ are two $3$ by $3$ matrices. If \[ X Y=\left(\begin{array}{rrr} 1 & 3 & -2 \\ -4 & 2 & 5 \\ 2 & -8 & -1 \end{array}\right) \] then $X$ has rank $2$ at least one of $X, Y$ is not invertible $X$ can't be an invertible matrix $X$ and $Y$ could both be invertible. None of the above
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Linear Algebra
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75
TIFR ECE 2012 | Question: 20
Let $A$ be a $2 \times 2$ matrix with all entries equal to $1.$ Define $B=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} A^{n} / n !$. Then $B=e^{2} A / 2$ $B=\left(\begin{array}{cc}1+e & e \\e & 1+e\end{array}\right)$ ... $B=\left(\begin{array}{cc}1+e^{2} & e^{2} \\e^{2} & 1+e^{2}\end{array}\right)$ None of the above
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Linear Algebra
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76
TIFR ECE 2011 | Question: 1
Output of a linear system with input $x(t)$ is given by \[y(t)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} h(t, \tau) x(\tau)+1.\] The system is linear if $h(t, \tau)=h(t-\tau)$ $h(t, \tau)=h(\tau)$ $h(t, \tau)=h(t)$ $h(t, \tau)=$ constant None of the above.
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77
TIFR ECE 2011 | Question: 2
The minimum number of unit delay elements required for realizing an infinite impulse response $\text{(IIR)}$ filter is/are $0$ $1$ $\infty$. $>1$. None of the above.
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78
TIFR ECE 2011 | Question: 3
The Fourier transform of \[x(t)=\frac{t^{n-1}}{(n-1) !} \mathrm{e}^{-a t} u(t), \quad a>0\] $(\jmath=\sqrt{-1}, u(t)=1$ for $t \geq 0, u(t)=0, t<0)$ is $(a+\jmath \omega)^{n}$ $\sum_{k=1}^{n} \frac{(a+\jmath \omega)^{k}}{k !}$ $na\jmath \omega$ $\frac{1}{(a+\jmath \omega)^{n}}$ None of the above.
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79
TIFR ECE 2011 | Question: 4
Let $\lim _{n \rightarrow \infty} x_{n}=x$. Then which of the following is $\text{TRUE.}$ There exists an $n_{0}$, such that for all $n>n_{0},\left|x_{n}-x\right|=0$. There exists an $n_{0}$ ... $n>n_{0},\left|\frac{x_{n}}{x}\right| \leq \epsilon$ for any $\epsilon>0$. None of the above.
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Calculus
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calculus
limits
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80
TIFR ECE 2011 | Question: 5
Consider a system with input $x(t)$ and the output $y(t)$ is given by \[y(t)=x(t)-0.5 x(t-1)-0.5 x(t-2)+1 .\] The system is Linear Non-causal Time varying All of the above None of the above
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