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161
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 1
Consider a discrete-time system which in response to input sequence $x[n]$ ( $n$ integer) outputs the sequence $y[n]$ such that \[y[n]=\left\{\begin{array}{ll} 0, & n=-1,-2,-3, \ldots, \\ \alpha y[2 n-1]+\beta ... -linear, but time-invariant only if $\alpha=0$ (parameters $\beta$ and $\gamma$ can take arbitrary values) Cannot be determined from the information given
asked
in
Others
Nov 30, 2022
6
views
tifrece2019
1
vote
0
answers
162
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 2
Let $A$ and $B$ be two square matrices that have full rank. Let $\lambda_{A}$ be an eignevalue of $A$ and $\lambda_{B}$ an eigenvalue of $B$. Which of the following is always $\text{TRUE}?$ $A B$ has full rank $A-B$ ... an eigenvalue of $A B$ $A+B$ has full rank At least one of $\lambda_{A}$ or $\lambda_{B}$ is an eigenvalue of $A B$
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in
Linear Algebra
Nov 30, 2022
5
views
tifrece2019
linear-algebra
matrices
1
vote
0
answers
163
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 3
Consider a function $f: \mathbf{R} \rightarrow \mathbf{R}$ such that $f(x)=1$ if $x$ is rational, and $f(x)=1-\epsilon,$ where $0<\epsilon<1$, if $x$ is irrational. Which of the following is $\text{TRUE}?$ $\lim _{x \rightarrow \infty} f(x)=1$ ... $1-\epsilon$ $\max _{x \geq 1} f(x)=1$ None of the above
asked
in
Calculus
Nov 30, 2022
5
views
tifrece2019
calculus
limits
1
vote
0
answers
164
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 4
Let $f(x)=\sqrt{x^{2}-4 x+4},$ for $x \in(-\infty, \infty)$. Here, $\sqrt{y}$ denotes the non-negative square root of $y$ when $y$ is non-negative. Then, which of the following is $\text{TRUE}?$ $f(x)$ is ... differentiable $f(x)$ is continuous and differentiable $f(x)$ is continuous but not differentiable $f(x)$ is neither continuous nor differentiable None of the above
asked
in
Calculus
Nov 30, 2022
6
views
tifrece2019
calculus
continuity-and-differentiability
1
vote
0
answers
165
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 5
Consider the function $f(x)=e^{x^{2}}-8 x^{2}$ for all $x$ on the real line. For how many distinct values of $x$ do we have $f(x)=0?$ $1$ $4$ $2$ $3$ $5$
asked
in
Calculus
Nov 30, 2022
5
views
tifrece2019
calculus
functions
1
vote
0
answers
166
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 6
Suppose that $X_{1}$ and $X_{2}$ denote the random outcomes of independent rolls of two dice. Each of the dice takes each of the six values $1,2,3,4,5$, and $6$ with equal probability. What is the value of the conditional expectation \[\mathbf{E}\left[\max \left(X_{1}, X_{2}\right) \mid \min \left(X_{1}, X_{2}\right)=3\right] ?\] $33 / 7$ $4$ $5$ $9 / 2$ $19 / 4$
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 30, 2022
6
views
tifrece2019
probability-and-statistics
probability
expectation
1
vote
0
answers
167
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 7
Consider two random variables $X$ and $Y$ which take values in a finite set $S$. Let $p_{X, Y}$ represent their joint probability mass function (p.m.f.) and let $p_{X}$ and $p_{Y}$, respectively, be the marginal p.m.f.'s of $X$ and $Y$, respectively. Which of the ... None of the above
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 30, 2022
6
views
tifrece2019
probability-and-statistics
probability
random-variable
1
vote
0
answers
168
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 8
Let $K$ be a cube of side $1$ in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$, with its centre at the origin, and its sides parallel to the co-ordinate axes. For $t \geq 0$, let $K_{t}$ be the set of all points in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ whose Euclidean distance to $K$ is less than or equal to $t$ ... $V \leq \frac{4}{3} \pi\left(\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}+t\right)^{3}$ $V \geq(1+2 t)^{3}$
asked
in
Others
Nov 30, 2022
6
views
tifrece2019
1
vote
0
answers
169
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 9
Consider a coin which comes up heads with probability $p$ and tails with probability $1-p$, where $0 < p < 1.$ Suppose we keep tossing the coin until we have seen both sides of the coin. What is the expected number of times we would have seen tails? (Hint: the expected number of ... $(1/p.)$ $\frac{1}{p}$ $1+\frac{1}{1-p}$ $p+\frac{1}{p}-1$ $2$ None of the above
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 30, 2022
4
views
tifrece2019
probability-and-statistics
probability
expectation
1
vote
0
answers
170
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 10
Let $X, Z_{1}$, and $Z_{2}$ be independent random variables taking values in the set $\{0,1\}$. $X$ is uniformly distributed in $\{0,1\}$, while the distributions of $Z_{1}$ and $Z_{2}$ are such that if we define $Y_{1}=X+Z_{1}$ and $Y_{2}=X+Z_{2}$, where addition ... $\left(1 / p_{1}+1 / p_{2}\right)^{-1}$ $\left(1+1 / p_{1}+1 / p_{2}\right)^{-1}$ None of the above
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 30, 2022
6
views
tifrece2019
probability-and-statistics
probability
random-variable
1
vote
0
answers
171
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 11
Let $X$ and $Y$ be independent Gaussian random variables with means $1$ and $2$ and variances $3$ and $4$ respectively. What is the minimum possible value of $\mathbf{E}\left[(X+Y-t)^{2}\right]$, when $t$ varies over all real numbers? $7$ $5$ $1.5$ $3.5$ $2.5$
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 30, 2022
4
views
tifrece2019
probability-and-statistics
probability
expectation
1
vote
0
answers
172
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 12
Consider an urn with $a$ red and $b$ blue balls. Balls are drawn out one-by-one, without replacement and uniformly at random, until the first red ball is drawn. What is the expected total number of balls drawn by this process? (Hint: Consider deriving an appropriate recurrence.) $\frac{a+b}{a+1}$ $\frac{a+b+1}{a}$ $\frac{a+b}{a}$ $\frac{a+b+1}{a+1}$ $a$
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 30, 2022
7
views
tifrece2019
probability-and-statistics
probability
expectation
1
vote
0
answers
173
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 13
For $t>0$, let $S_{t}$ denote the ball of radius $t$ centered at the origin in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. That is, \[S_{t}=\left\{\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^{n} \mid \sum_{i=1}^{n} x_{i}^{2} \leq t^{2}\right\} .\] Let $N_{t}$ be the number of ... $\lim _{t \rightarrow \infty} \frac{N_{t}}{V_{t}}=1$ $N_{t}$ is a monotonically decreasing function of $t$
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in
Others
Nov 30, 2022
4
views
tifrece2019
1
vote
0
answers
174
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 14
Consider the circle of radius $1$ centred at the origin in two dimensions. Choose two points $x$ and $y$ independently at random so that both are uniformly distributed on the circle. Let the vectors joining the origin to $x$ and $y$ be $X$ and $Y$, respectively. Let $\theta$ be ... $\mathbf{E}\left[|x-y|^{2}\right]=\sqrt{3}$ $\mathbf{E}\left[|x-y|^{2}\right]=1$
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 30, 2022
5
views
tifrece2019
probability-and-statistics
probability
uniform-distribution
1
vote
0
answers
175
TIFR ECE 2019 | Question: 15
Anu reached a bus stop at $\text{9:00 AM.}$ She knows that the number of minutes after $\text{9:00 AM}$ when the bus will arrive is distributed with probability density function (p.d.f.) $f$ where \[f(x)=\frac{1}{10} \exp (-x / 10)\] for $x \geq 0$, ... time, measured in minutes after $\text{9:00 AM,}$ would Anu expect the bus to arrive? $12.5$ $15$ $7.5$ $10$ $12.5$
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 30, 2022
7
views
tifrece2019
probability-and-statistics
probability
probability-density-function
1
vote
0
answers
176
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 1
Consider a discrete-time system which in response to input sequence $x[n] \;( n$ integer) outputs the sequence $y[n]$ such that \[y[n]=\left\{\begin{array}{ll} 0, & n=-1,-2,-3, \ldots, \\ \frac{1}{2 ... describes the system? Linear, time-invariant Linear, time-variant Non-linear, time-invariant Non-linear, time-variant Cannot be determined from the information given
asked
in
Others
Nov 29, 2022
14
views
tifrece2018
1
vote
0
answers
177
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 2
A hotel has $n$ rooms numbered $1,2, \ldots, n$. For each room there is one spare key labeled with the room number. The hotel manager keeps all the spare keys in a box. Her mischievous son got hold of the box and permuted the labels uniformly at random. What is the ... Use linearity of expectation] $1$ $\frac{n-1}{n}$ $\frac{n}{n-1}$ $\frac{n}{2}$ None of the above
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 29, 2022
15
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tifrece2018
probability-and-statistics
probability
expectation
1
vote
0
answers
178
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 3
Let $\lim _{n \rightarrow \infty} f(n)=\infty$ and $\lim _{n \rightarrow \infty} g(n)=\infty$. Then which of the following is necessarily $\text{TRUE.}$ $\lim _{n \rightarrow \infty}|f(n)-g(n)|=\infty$ $\lim _{n \rightarrow \infty}|f(n)-g(n)|=0$ $\lim _{n \rightarrow \infty}|f(n) / g(n)|=\infty$ $\lim _{n \rightarrow \infty}|f(n) / g(n)|=1$ None of the above
asked
in
Calculus
Nov 29, 2022
16
views
tifrece2018
calculus
limits
1
vote
0
answers
179
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 4
Consider \[f(x)=\frac{(x \log x+x)^{5}(1+2 / x)^{x}}{(x+1 / x)^{5}(\log x+1 / \log x)^{6}}\] What can we say about $\lim _{x \rightarrow \infty} f(x)$ ? The function $f(x)$ does not have a limit as $x \rightarrow \infty$ ... $\lim _{x \rightarrow \infty} f(x)=e^{1 / 2}$ $\lim _{x \rightarrow \infty} f(x)=0$ $\lim _{x \rightarrow \infty} f(x)=\infty$
asked
in
Calculus
Nov 29, 2022
13
views
tifrece2018
calculus
limits
1
vote
0
answers
180
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 5
Suppose $\vec{u}, \vec{v}_{1}, \vec{v}_{2} \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ are linearly independent vectors. Let the pair of real numbers $\left(a_{1}^{*}, a_{2}^{*}\right)$ be such that they solve the following optimization problem \[d=\min _{a_{1}, a_{2} \in \mathbb{R}}\left\ ... $\left\|\vec{v}_{*}\right\|^{2}-\|\vec{u}\|^{2}$ None of the above
asked
in
Vector Analysis
Nov 29, 2022
11
views
tifrece2018
vector-analysis
vector-in-planes
1
vote
0
answers
181
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 6
Consider the system shown below. If $K>0$, which of the following describes the system? Stable, causal Stable, non-causal Unstable, non-causal Unstable, causal Cannot be determined from the information given
asked
in
Others
Nov 29, 2022
14
views
tifrece2018
1
vote
0
answers
182
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 7
Let $X_{1}, X_{2}$ and $X_{3}$ be independent random variables with uniform distribution over $[0, \theta]$. Consider the following statements. $E\left[\max \left\{X_{1}, X_{2}, X_{3}\right\}\right]=\frac{3}{4} \theta$ ... $\text{(i)}$ Only $\text{(ii)}$ Only $\text{(iii)}$ Only $\text{(iv)}$ All of $\text{(i) - (iv)}$
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 29, 2022
11
views
tifrece2018
probability-and-statistics
probability
uniform-distribution
1
vote
0
answers
183
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 8
Let $A$ be an $n \times n$ real matrix for which two distinct non-zero $n$-dimensional real column vectors $v_{1}, v_{2}$ satisfy the relation $A v_{1}=A v_{2}$. Consider the following statements. At least one eigenvalue of $A$ is zero. $A$ ... $\text{(i)}$ Only $\text{(ii)}$ Only $\text{(iii)}$ Only $\text{(iv)}$ All of $\text{(i) - (iv)}$
asked
in
Linear Algebra
Nov 29, 2022
12
views
tifrece2018
linear-algebra
matrices
1
vote
0
answers
184
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 9
Let $X$ and $Y$ be two independent and identically distributed binary random variables that take values $\{-1,+1\}$ each with probability $1 / 2$. Let $Z_{1}=\max (X, Y)$, and $Z_{2}=\min (X, Y)$. Consider the following statements. $Z_{1}$ and $Z_{2}$ are uncorrelated ... $\text{(iii)}$ Both $\text{(i) and (ii), but not (iii)}$ All of $\text{(i), (ii) and (iii)}$
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 29, 2022
12
views
tifrece2018
probability-and-statistics
probability
random-variable
1
vote
0
answers
185
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 10
Suppose that $X_{1}$ and $X_{2}$ denote the random outcomes of independent rolls of two dice each of which takes six values $1,2,3,4,5,6$ with equal probability. What is the conditional expectation \[E\left[X_{1} \mid \max \left(X_{1}, X_{2}\right)=5\right]\] $3$ $4$ $35 / 9$ $5 / 2$ $15 / 4$
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 29, 2022
11
views
tifrece2018
probability-and-statistics
probability
expectation
1
vote
0
answers
186
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 11
Assume the following well known result: If a coin is flipped independently many times and its probability of heads $(H)$ is $p \in(0,1)$ and probability of tails $(T)$ is $(1-p)$, then the expected number of coin flips till the first time a heads is observed is $1 / p$. What is the ... $\frac{1}{1-(1-p)^{2}}(4+1 / p)$ $\frac{1}{p}+\frac{1}{1-p}$
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 29, 2022
13
views
tifrece2018
probability-and-statistics
probability
expectation
1
vote
0
answers
187
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 12
Suppose that Amitabh Bachchan has ten coins in his pocket. $3$ coins have tails on both sides. $4$ coins have heads on both sides. $3$ coins have heads on one side and tails on the other and both the outcomes are equally likely when that coin is flipped. In a bet with Dharmendra ... that the other side of this coin is heads? $1 / 2$ $3 / 10$ $1 / 4$ $0.3$ $1 / 3$
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 29, 2022
13
views
tifrece2018
probability-and-statistics
probability
conditional-probability
1
vote
0
answers
188
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 13
Consider five distinct binary vectors $X_{1}, \ldots, X_{5}$ each of length $10$. Let \[d_{i j}=\sum_{k=1}^{10}\left(X_{i k} \text { XOR } X_{j k}\right),\] (i.e., $d_{i j}$ is the number of coordinates where $X_{i}$ ... to $X_{5}$, and argue about the result noting that there are five binary vectors.] $d=10$ $d=9$ $d=8$ $d<8$ Information is not sufficient
asked
in
Others
Nov 29, 2022
11
views
tifrece2018
1
vote
0
answers
189
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 14
Define the $\ell_{p}$ ball in two dimensions as the set of points $(x, y)$ such that $|x|^{p}+|y|^{p} \leq 1$. Which of the following is $\text{FALSE:}$ The $\ell_{2}$ ball is contained in the $\ell_{3}$ ball The $\ell_{2}$ ball is contained in ... $\ell_{2}$ ball is contained in the $\ell_{5}$ ball The $\ell_{1}$ ball is contained in the $\ell_{3}$ ball
asked
in
Others
Nov 29, 2022
10
views
tifrece2018
1
vote
0
answers
190
TIFR ECE 2018 | Question: 15
Consider real-valued continuous functions $f:[0,2] \rightarrow(-\infty, \infty)$ and let \[A=\int_{0}^{1}|f(x)| d x \quad \text { and } B=\int_{1}^{2}|f(x)| d x .\] Which of the following is $\text{TRUE}?$ There exists an $f$ so that \[A+B<\int_{0}^{2} f(x) ... such that $\int_{0}^{1} f(x) d x=3$ There does not exist an $f$ so that \[A+B \leq-\int_{0}^{2} f(x) d x\]
asked
in
Calculus
Nov 29, 2022
13
views
tifrece2018
calculus
definite-integrals
1
vote
0
answers
191
TIFR ECE 2017 | Question: 1
Consider a system which in response to input $x(t)$ outputs \[ y(t)=2 x(t-2)+x(2 t-1)+1 . \] Which of the following describes the system? linear, time-invariant, causal linear, time-invariant, non-causal non-linear, time-invariant, causal non-linear, time-invariant, non-causal non-linear, time-variant
asked
in
Others
Nov 29, 2022
13
views
tifrece2017
1
vote
0
answers
192
TIFR ECE 2017 | Question: 2
Suppose a $1 \mu \mathrm{H}$ inductor and a $1 \Omega$ resistor are connected in series to a $1 \mathrm{ V}$ battery. What happens to the current in the circuit? The current starts at $0 \mathrm{ A}$, and gradually rises to $1 \mathrm{ A}$ The current ... $1 \mathrm{ A}$ The current oscillates over time between $1 \mathrm{ A}$ and $-1 \mathrm{ A}$
asked
in
Others
Nov 29, 2022
15
views
tifrece2017
1
vote
0
answers
193
TIFR ECE 2017 | Question: 3
What is the maximum average power that can be dissipated by a load connected to the output terminals of the following circuit with an alternating current source? $23 \mathrm{~W}$ $11.5 \mathrm{~W}$ $8.1317 \mathrm{~W}$ $2.875 \mathrm{~W}$ None of the above
asked
in
Others
Nov 29, 2022
12
views
tifrece2017
1
vote
0
answers
194
TIFR ECE 2017 | Question: 4
A Schmitt trigger circuit is a comparator circuit with a hysteresis. Consider the Schmitt trigger circuit in the figure implemented using an opamp. What are the trigger levels for this circuit? $\pm \frac{R_{1}}{R_{2}} V_{s}$ $\pm \frac{R_{2}}{R_{1}} V_{s}$ $\pm \frac{R_{1}}{R_{1}+R_{2}} V_{s}$ $\pm \frac{R_{2}}{R_{1}+R_{2}} V_{s}$ None of the above
asked
in
Others
Nov 29, 2022
13
views
tifrece2017
1
vote
0
answers
195
TIFR ECE 2017 | Question: 5
Consider the inequality \[ n-\frac{1}{n} \geq \sqrt{n^{2}-1}, \] where $n$ is an integer $\geq 1$. Which of the following statements is $\text{TRUE?}$ This inequality holds for all integers $n \geq 1$ ... not hold for any integer $n \geq 1$ $n-\frac{1}{n}=\sqrt{n^{2}-1}$ for infinitely many integers $n \geq 1$
asked
in
Quantitative Aptitude
Nov 29, 2022
12
views
tifrece2017
quantitative-aptitude
inequality
1
vote
0
answers
196
TIFR ECE 2017 | Question: 6
Let $a, b \in\{0,1\}$. Consider the following statements where $*$ is the $\text{AND}$ operator, $\oplus$ is $\text{EXCLUSIVE-OR,}$ and ${ }^{c}$ denotes the complement function. $\max \left\{a * b, b \oplus a^{\mathrm{c}}\right\}=1$ ... $\text{(iii)}$ only $\text{(iii)}$ and $\text{(iv)}$ only $\text{(iv)}$ and $\text{(i)}$ only None of the above
asked
in
Calculus
Nov 29, 2022
10
views
tifrece2017
calculus
functions
1
vote
0
answers
197
TIFR ECE 2017 | Question: 7
A circulant matrix is a square matrix whose each row is the preceding row rotated to the right by one element, e.g., the following is a $3 \times 3$ circulant matrix. \[\left(\begin{array}{lll} 1 & 2 & 3 \\ 3 & 1 & 2 \\ 2 & 3 & 1 \ ... $j=\sqrt{-1}$ A vector whose $k$-th element is $\sinh \left(\frac{2 \pi k}{n}\right)$ None of the above
asked
in
Linear Algebra
Nov 29, 2022
12
views
tifrece2017
linear-algebra
eigen-values
1
vote
0
answers
198
TIFR ECE 2017 | Question: 8
Consider the two positive integer sequences, defined for a fixed positive integer $c \geq 2$ \[f(n)=\frac{1}{n}\left\lfloor\frac{n}{c}\right\rfloor, \quad g(n)=n\left\lfloor\frac{c}{n}\right\rfloor\] where $\lfloor t\rfloor$ denotes the ... $0$ The first sequence converges to $1 / c$, while the second sequence converges to $c$
asked
in
Others
Nov 29, 2022
12
views
tifrece2017
1
vote
0
answers
199
TIFR ECE 2017 | Question: 9
Recall that for a random variable $X$ which takes values in $\mathbb{N}$, the set of natural numbers, its entropy in bits is defined as \[H(X)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} p_{n} \log _{2} \frac{1}{p_{n}},\] where, for $n \in \mathbb{N}, p_{n}$ denotes the ... entropy of $X$ in bits? $1$ $1.5$ $\frac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2} \approx 1.618$ (the golden ratio) $2$ None of the above
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 29, 2022
10
views
tifrece2017
probability-and-statistics
probability
random-variable
1
vote
0
answers
200
TIFR ECE 2017 | Question: 10
Consider a single coin where the probability of heads is $p \in(0,1)$ and probability of tails is $1-p$. Suppose that this coin is flipped an infinite number of times. Let $N_{1}$ denote the number of flips till we see heads for the first time. Let $N_{2}$ denote the number of flips after ... $\frac{2}{p}$ $\frac{1}{p^{2}+(1-p)^{2}}$ $\frac{2}{p(1-p)}$
asked
in
Probability and Statistics
Nov 29, 2022
13
views
tifrece2017
probability-and-statistics
probability
expectation
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